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mac扶植文件权限_怎么在Mac上创立文件权限

  mac扶植文件权限_怎么在Mac上创立文件权限mac创立文献权限

  You’ll see letters here, too, such as (read), (write), and (execute). These levels are always shown in that order, so for instance:

  翻译自:

  访问级别是不言自明的-具有“只读”会睹级其余用户无法编辑文献,但可以访问它们。 假如将帐户创办为“读和写”级别,则它们无妨同时奉行。

  To set file permissions, you’ll use the command at the terminal. To remove all existing permissions, set read and write access for the user while allowing read access for all other users, type:

  夂箢输出的前11个字符外现了文献的文献应允权。 第一个字符,破折号( )显示这是一个文献。 应付文献夹,将其交换为字母( )。

  假使您仍然正在Linux上应用过chmod号令,那么您将认识到它的壮健成效。 应用一个末梢敕令,您可能树立文献和目次的读取,写入和可实践权限。

  This is related in part to?new security features introduced in macOS Catalina, although file access control lists (ACLs) have been a Mac feature since macOS X 10.4 Tiger back in 2005.

  In a Finder window, you can view and set permissions by right clicking a file or folder and selecting the “Get Info” option.

  Extensive information about your file or folder can be found in the “Info” window that opens. To set file permissions, however, you’ll need to click on the arrow next to the “Sharing & Permissions” option.

  要为列外中的用户或组编辑此实质,请单击该帐户或组的现有级别旁边的箭头,然后从列外入采选“只读”或“读写”。

  The access levels are self-explanatory—users with a “Read Only” access level are unable to edit files, but they can access them. If an account is set to the “Read & Write” level, then they can do both.

  第一组再现文献/文献夹全部者的访候级别(1),中心组显示组权限(2),终末三个组浮现任何其他用户的权限(3)。

  您可以行使减号( )裁减它,比方:

  This would grant all other users both read and write access to the file.

  The first group shows the access levels for the file/folder owner (1), the middle group shows group permissions (2), and the final three shows permissions for any other users (3).

  Permissions are immediately set. Close the “Info” window once you’re done.

  The next nine characters are split into groups of three.

  与所有苛浸左右编制近似,macOS许可您应用一组纷乱的文献权限来控制对文献的访候。 您可以运用Finder安排方法或正在Mac着末中行使chmod呼唤自行扶助这些设立。 这是怎样做。

  显示没有读写访候权限,况且该文献不行推论。

  这将正在Mac上泄漏帐户或用户组的列外,会睹级别再现正在“权限”种别下。

  正在这种状态下,文献全豹者正正在取得读写访问权限,而用户组和其民众用户正正在得回读取访问权限。

  To view current permissions for a file, type:

  再现无妨读取,写入和推行文献。

  In this instance, the file owner is gaining read and write access, while the user group and other users are gaining read access.

  This would remove read and write access for all other users from the file.

  Like all major operating systems, macOS allows you to restrict access to files using a complex set of file permissions. You can set these yourself using the Finder app, or by using the chmod command in your Mac’s terminal. Here’s how.

  This will display a list of accounts or user groups on your Mac, with access levels shown under the “Privilege” category.

  权限将急促设立。 杀青后,封合“音信”窗口。

  接下来的9个字符分为三个组。

  If the final character is an at sign (), then it signifies that the file or folder has extended file attributes relating to security, giving certain apps (like Finder) persistent file access.

  正在翻开的“音信”窗口中没闭系找到有闭文献或文献夹的大宗音讯。 不过,要设立文献应承权,您需要单击“共享和应允权”选项当中的箭头。

  用您本身的文献名退换“ file.txt”。 这将再现一切用户访候级别以及与macOS关系的任何扩展属性。

  You can launch Finder from the Dock at the bottom of your screen. The application is represented by the smiling Happy Mac logo icon.

  With great power comes great responsibility, and there’s no denying that the command is an extensive and powerful tool to change file permissions on Mac. You can, for instance, replace the letters ( ) with a combination of three (or four) octal digits, up to 777 (for read, write, and execute).

  要运用 ,请洞开一个终端窗口。 您无妨通过按下Dock上的Launchpad图标并单击“ Other”文献夹中的“ Terminal”选项来奉行此独揽。

  显示无妨读取和写入文献,但该文献不可扩充。

  Choose the user or group in the selection window and then click the “Select” button. This will add it to the list.

  If you’ve ever used the chmod command on Linux, then you’ll be aware of its power. With one terminal command, you can set the read, write, and executable permissions for files and directories.

  正在采选窗口被采选用户或组,此后单击“采用”按钮。 这会将其加众到列外中。

  The command isn’t a Linux-only command, however. Like many other Linux terminal commands, dates back to Unix from the 1970s—Linux and macOS both share this heritage, which is why the command is available in mac扶植文件权限_怎么在Mac上创立文件权限 macOS today.

  To edit this for a user or group in the list, click on the arrow next to the existing level for that account or group and then select either “Read Only” or “Read & Write” from the list.

  只是, 呼吁不是仅Linux召唤。 像很众其咱们Linux末尾夂箢相像, 可以回思到1970年初的Unix — Linux和macOS都具有这种古代,这即是为什么呼吁正在现在的macOS中可用的理由。

  This would grant all users and user groups with read and write access to your file, as well as allow all users to execute the file.

  would mean the file can be read and written to, but the file isn’t executable.

  这将给予所有其全豹人用户对该文献的读写权限。

  倘使要深刻更众讯息,请正在结局上键入以阅读可用标帜和创立的完备列外。

  要擦除,增加或裁汰一共用户的用户权限,请改用标记。 譬喻:

  would mean the file can be read, but not written to, and the file isn’t executable.

  means the file can be read and executed, but not written to.

  这将从文献中删除全豹其咱们用户的读写访候权限。

  You can use the minus () to remove this instead, for example:

  If you want to set the permissions for a file on your Mac without using the terminal, you’ll need to use the Finder app.

  File permissions for the file are shown in the first 11 characters output by the command.?The first character, an en dash (), shows that this is a file. For folders, this is replaced by a letter () instead.

  Replace “file.txt” with your own file name. This will show all user access levels, as well as any extended attributes relevant to macOS.

  您还将正在这里看到字母,比方 (读), (写)和 (推广)。 这些级别长远按该依次显示,比方:

  The flag sets the permissions for the file owner, refers to the user group, while refers to all other users. The use of an equal sign () wipes all previous permissions for that category.

  would mean no read or write access, and the file isn’t executable.

  显示该文献可以读取,但不行写入,而且该文献弗成扩充。

  means the file can be read, written, and executed.

  这片面与macOS Catalina中引入的新安适功效有合,即使自2005年macOS X 10.4 Tiger起,文献访候部分列外(ACL)素来是Mac的功勋。

  正在Finder窗口中,可以始末右键单击文献或文献夹并选取“获得音书”选项来瞻仰和树立权限。

  浮现该文献可能读取和奉行,但不行写入。

  要筑立文献条约权,您将正在终端上使用命令。 要裁汰全豹现有权限,请筑树用户的读写访问权限,同时应承一切其咱们们用户的读写访问权限,键入:

  mac创立文献权限

  宽广的功能跟跟着雄伟的仔肩,何况不行狡赖下令是正在Mac上转动文献权限的广大东西。 比方,您没合系将字母( )调换为三个(或四个)八进制数字的组合,最大为777(用于读取,写入和推行)。

  您无妨应用加号( )将访候权限加众到用户级别。 比方:

  假使您要为其扶助权限的帐户或用户组未列出,请选取窗口底部的加号(+)图标。

  假若结果一个字符是at标记( ),则浮现文献或文献夹具有与安定性相合的推广文献属性,从而使某些安排措施(如Finder)具有永久的文献会睹权限。

  假使要正在不可使末梢的景遇下为Mac上的文献设立权限,则须要安排Finder应用权谋。

  记号筑设文献全部者的权限, 浮现用户组,而浮现扫数其所有人用户。 应用等号( )会擦除该种别的统统先前权限。

  要观看文献的现时权限,请键入:

  可以,您不要紧应用Apple内置的Spotlight征采功能翻开着末。

  To use , open a terminal window. You can do this by pressing the Launchpad icon on the Dock and clicking the “Terminal” option in the “Other” folder.

  您不要紧从屏幕底部的Dock启动Finder。 该运用程序由含乐的Happy Mac徽标图标再现。

  You can use a plus sign () to add access to a user level. For instance:

  If the account or user group you want to set permissions for isn’t listed, select the Plus (+) icon at the bottom of the window.

  Alternatively, you can use Apple’s built-in Spotlight Search feature to open the Terminal.

  If you want to learn more about it, type at the terminal to read the full list of available flags and settings.

  这将赋予全部用户和用户组对文献的读写权限,并首肯整个用户奉行文献。

  To wipe, add, or remove user permissions for all users, use the flag instead. For instance:


mac扶植文件权限_怎么在Mac上创立文件权限